Lesson 18: How to Talk About the Time and Weather

In Lesson 18, we learn how to talk about the weather, and how to tell what time it is.

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Matt: Hello everyone and welcome back to Learn Persian with Chai and Conversation!

Leyla: We're so glad to have you with us! We're now on lesson 18 of the program, and we are continuing with what we are calling Unit 2 of Chai and Conversation. The goal of this unit is to build up vocabulary and to have a good grasp of how to have conversations in the Persian language. In the next unit, we will talk more specifically about grammar and the more detailed aspects of the Persian language.

Matt: In this lesson, we are going to continue our learning of conversational skills by learning two very important topics of discussion- the time and weather.

Leyla: We'll learn how to tell the time when asked that oh so common question, what time is it? We'll also learn how to answer how the weather is.

Matt: As always, remember that you can access more useful learning information on our website at www.chaiandconversation.com, with chai spelled CHAI.

Leyla: And enough of that for now, Matt, are you ready to begin the lesson?

Matt: Ready!

Leyla: Great, then let's begin to learn Persian with Chai and Conversation.

Leyla: So first, to ask what time it is, we say 'sa'at chande?'

saat chande

The word for watch or clock by itself is sa'at

Saat

And how much is chand. So you should know by now that chand plus is or hast is 'chande'. Saat chande?

Saat chande?

If the answer is an exact hour, it's very simple. Let's say it's one oclock. You would simply say 'saat yeke'

Saat yeke

Again, yeke is a combination of one and is, yek and hast. Saat yeke

Saat yeke

Or, if it's two o'clock, you would say 'saat do'e

Saat do'e

Three o'clock sounds slightly awkward, but following the same rules, it's sa'at se'e

Saat se'e

Matt, can you figure out five?

Saat panje

And we'll spare you the rest as you learned how to count weeks ago. It continues using the same rules all the way to twelve. Saat davazdahe

Saat davazdahe

Now let's learn how add a half, as in it's 6:30. To say 'it's 6:30.' Half in Persian is neem.

Neem

So to say it is 6:30 in Persian you say 'Sa'at sheesh o neeme

Sa'at sheesh o neeme

So the is, the verb, still comes at the very end of the sentence. Sa'at sheesh o neem hast. So, Matt I'm going to ask you what time it is and you answer that it's 9:30. Matt, saat chande?

Saat noh o neem-e

As you remember, o is the colloquial way of saying 'va' which means and. Saat noh o neem-e.

Saat noh o neeme

Now let's learn quarter, which in Persian is robh

Robh

So to say quarter past one, you say saat yek o robe

Saat yek o robe

That should be simple enough. Now to switch it around and say it's a quarter to one, you say 'Sa'at ye rob beh yek-e

Saat ye rob be yeke

So to break down that sentence, be as we've learned before means to. So you're saying it's one quarter to one. Saat ye rob be yeke

Saat ye rob be yeke.

Now let's try a quarter to ten. Saat ye rob be da'he

Saat ye rob be da'he

Great. Let's review these vocabulary words before moving forward. To say 'what time is it' we say 'saat chande?'

Saat chande?

Half is neem

Neem

And quarter is robh

Robh.

How would you say 'it's seven o'clock?

Saat hafte

Perfect, saat hafte.

Now how would you say it's two thirty?

Saat do o neeme

How about it's five fifteen?

Saat panj o robe

And finally how would you say it's a quarter to eight?

Saat ye rob be hashte.

Ok perfect! Now let's learn the word for minute in Persian. It's daygheh.

Daygheh.

Now we'll learn how to say exact times. Let's say it's 10:10. To say this in Persian, you would say 'sa'at dah o dah dayghast'

Saat dah o dah dayghast

Dayghast is a combination of daygheh and hast. You link hours and minutes together with an 'and' so dah o dah daygheh means ten and ten minutes. Saat dah o dah dayghast.

Saat dah o dah dayghast.

Now, to say it's ten minutes TO ten, we switch things around, just as we did when we were saying 'it's a quarter till'. To say it's a quarter to ten we say 'saat ye rob be daheh'

Saat ye rob be daheh

Similarly, to say it's ten minutes to ten, we say 'saat dah daygheh be daheh

Saat dah daygheh be daheh.

This could also be expressed as 9:50. To say it's 9:50, you simply say 'Saat noh o panjah dayghast

Saat noh o panjah dayghast.

So saying the time is simple enough- you just have to be sure to be extremely confident in your grasp of the numbers. Time is a very common topic of conversation. Another common topic of conversation is weather. The word for weather in Persian is 'hava'

Hava

To ask how the weather Is, you simply say 'hava chetore?'

Hava chetore?

We could answer the question in the simplest way possible by using words we learned in the very first lesson to describe how we are feeling. For example, we could answer 'hava bad neest'

Hava bad neest

And what does this mean Matt?

The weather is not bad.

Which doesn't really say all that much. Similarly, you could say the weather is good or 'hava khoobe'

Hava khoobe

Or hava bade

Hava bade

But we probably want to speak more specifically than that. Let's learn a few different words we could use to describe the weather. Warm is 'garm'

Garm

To say the weather is warm, which is something we have to say quite frequently in Texas, you say 'hava garme

Hava garme

Cold is sard,

Sard

So the weather is cold is hava sarde

Hava sarde

The word aftab means sun. Aftab

Aftab

So to say it is sunny, you say 'hava aftabeeyeh'

'Hava aftabeeyeh'

The word baroon means 'rain'. Baroon

Baroon

So to say the weather is rainey, you say 'hava barooneeyeh

Hava barooneeyeh

To say the weather is humid, you say 'hava martoobeh

Hava martoobeh

The word for cloud is 'abr'

Abr

So to say the weather is cloudy you say hava abreeyeh

Hava abreeyeh

If someone asks you how is the weather, or hava chetore, you could answer by dropping the word 'hava'- simply saying, for example, abreeyeh

Abreeyeh

You could do this for all the words. For example, ask me how the weather is and I will answer without using the word 'hava'. Go ahead

Hava chetoreh?

Barooneeye

Let's learn a few more word we can add to mix. For example, kami means a bit. So I could say 'hava kami sarde'

Hava kami sarde

Another word we can use 'khoshk', it means dry. Khoshk

Khoshk.

Hava khoshke

Hava khoshke

Ok, let's go over all the words we have learned so far with the word hava dropped.

It's warm is 'garme'

Garme

It's cold is 'sarde'

Sarde

It's humid is martoobe

Martoobe

It's dry is khoshke

Khoshke

It's sunny is 'aftabeeyeh'

Aftabeeyeh

It's rainy is 'barooneeyeh'

Barooneeyeh

It's cloudy is abreeyeh

Abreeyeh

You can also combine any of these that you want obviously. So the weather is hot and humid would be 'hava garm o martoobeh'

Hava garm o martoobeh

So it's November in Austin Texas, and I'm going to ask you how the weather is today. Matt, hava chetore?

Hava kami sarde

Ok great. He's right, it's getting a bit cold here. So hava kami sarde. So let's use this new weather and time information in a conversation between strangers. Matt, you sart

Bebakhsheed. Saat chande?

Saat sheesh o neeme?

Khayli mamnoon. Cheghadr hava khoobe!

Baleh, hava khayli khoobeh. Sard neest va baroonee ham neest!

Ok, let's go over this conversation, since there are a couple things in there you might not have understood. First, the word cheghadr. This is an expression for how much. Cheghadr

Cheghadr!

So in the conversation, Matt said 'cheghadr hava khoobeh.' This expression means the weather is so great! But literally, it means 'how much the weather is great!'. Cheghadr hava khoobeh!

Cheghadr hava khoobe

Next I answered 'sard neest va baroonee ham neest!' This should be very simple for you to understand. Sard neest means 'it's not cold' Sard neest

Sard neest

Neest is the oppostive of hast, but doesn't have a shortened version in colloquial speech. So for example, it is cold is sard hast, and gets shortened to sarde.

Sarde

It is not cold, by contrast, is sard neest, and is spoken and written the same way. Sard neest

Sard neest

So sard neest, va baroonee ham neest. These are all words we've learned before. Matt, can you figure out what 'va baroonee ham neest' means?

It is also not rainy.

Exactly! Perfect. Baroonee ham neest. There is another way to say that it is rainy, and that is to say that rain is coming. To say this, you say 'baroon meeyad'

Baroon meeyad

This means the same thing as barooneeye. You could add the word dare before this phrase to make it markedly in the present tense. Let's try that 'dare baroon meeyad'

Dare baroon meeyad

So that means, at this moment, it is raining. Let's learn another form of precipitation and that is snow. The word for snow is barf

Barf

So to say it is snowing, you say barf meeyad

Barf meeyad

To finish the lesson, let's expand this idea a bit and learn to ask the question of how the weather is in the present in a couple of different ways. First, you could say alan hava chetore? Alan means right now, at this moment. Alan hava chetore?

Alan hava chetore?

You could also say how is the weather today. This would would emrooz hava chetore?

Emrooz hava chetore?

So now you have learned how to specify time and weather, two very important topics of conversation. That's a lot for one lesson so we will end it there!

Matt: We hope you enjoyed this lesson of Chai and conversation

Leyla: As we said in the introduction of the lesson, the podcast is only one part of the learning process. there are bonus materials for each lesson available on our website at chaiandconversation.com with Chai spelled CHAI. These include pdf guides that spell out each word and their meanings for you so you can easily understand them.

Matt: We look forward to you joining us next time on Chai and Conversation.

Leyla: And until then, beh omeede deedar from Leyla

Matt: And khodahafez from Matt

Bonus Materials

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Comments

Hello our teacher Layla , How are you doing , It is really nice you have done alot of audio about Persian language till know i have found your website and lessons are great really than other websites when i scanned for you , Your voice really cool and let students focusing on it as well, I'm from kurdistan I would like to learn Persian and more close to my language with different prounciation , can you add more details and increase levels?, if you know anything else websites match to my language to learn so much fast just let me know Layla , I hope you success for your Persian language proramming , well done , and keep going , thanks .

yes i would like to have more advanced levels as well, but what you are doing is great.

Thank you so much for these wonderful learning materials.

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