Lesson 83: Emotion (Vocabulary Sprint)

In this lesson, Leyla and her husband Chris go over how to talk about emotions in the Persian language. This lesson is part of the vocabulary sprint series, so they go over several vocabulary words around the theme of feelings and emotions.

In Farsi, emotions are called ehsāsat. We learn a few of the common emotions, such as being happy, sad, calm, depressed, nervous, etc. In addition, we learn the word hāl, which means something along the lines of 'being.' So when we ask 'hālet chetoré', which means 'How are you?', you are asking something along the lines of 'How is your state of being.'


GREETINGS:

salām
hello
سَلام
chetor-ee
how are you?
چِطوری؟

Note: In Persian, as in many other languages, there is a formal and an informal way of speaking. We will be covering this in more detail in later lessons. For now, however, chetor-ee is the informal way of asking someone how they are, so it should only be used with people that you are familiar with. hālé shomā chetor-é is the formal expression for ‘how are you.’

Spelling note: In written Persian, words are not capitalized. For this reason, we do not capitalize Persian words written in phonetic English in the guides.


ANSWERS:

khoobam
I’m well
خوبَم

Pronunciation tip: kh is one of two unique sounds in the Persian language that is not used in the English language. It should be repeated daily until mastered, as it is essential to successfully speak Persian. Listen to the podcast for more information on how to make the sound.

Persian English
salām hello
chetor-ee how are you?
khoobam I’m well
merci thank you
khayli very
khayli khoobam I’m very well
khoob neestam I’m not well
man me/I
bad neestam I’m not bad
ālee great
chetor-een? how are you? (formal)
hālé shomā chetor-é? how are you? (formal)
hālet chetor-é? how are you? (informal)
khoob-ee? are you well? (informal)
mamnoonam thank you
chetor peesh meeré? how’s it going?
ché khabar? what’s the news? (what’s up?)
testeeeee

Leyla  
Learn Persian with trying conversation lesson 83 Hello and welcome to lesson 83 of third person with chime conversation. I'm joined today with my co host and husband, Chris.

Chris: Hello. Salaam

Leyla  
sat home Chris. And as you know, we're in the unit of vocabulary sprint. So we're learning as many vocabulary words as possible in each lesson. And each lesson is centered around a theme. Today's theme is

Chris  
emotion.

Leyla  
That's right. And Chris sometimes probably prides himself on not being a very emotional person he

Chris  
I'm going to refute that I'm very, very much in touch with my emotions.

Leyla  
He really is. So It'll be a good good lesson for him, he can learn how to verbalize all those big emotions he has,

Chris  
we should really bring our, our boys in. We have a three and a half year old. And a well, he's almost one. And if you want to see someone filled with emotions, just watch a three and a half year old.

Leyla  
It's true actually toddlers are, are very well known for that and they're learning how to take those big emotions and how to express them in a really good way to do that is to go over emotions and actually that's something he really likes to do. He has a book that has different pictures for different things that you could be feeling. And I actually use that book when I was putting together the vocab list for those lessons. So without further ado, let's get into the vocab. So first of all the word for emotions or feelings is

Chris  
ehsasat

Leyla  
That's right. Ehsasat. So this is a little different word than we've used to- it has the 'h' sound. Ehsasat

Chris  
Ehsasat

Leyla  
and I can't really think of many English words that have that kind of a sound. So this might be unique a unique sound. So, again so sought in that stands for you know emotions or feelings.

Chris  
Ehsasat.

Leyla  
a person can be full of feelings like a very emotional person emotional would be be por ehsas

Chris  
 por ehsas

Leyla  
Por means full poor, Por ehsas

Chris  
Por ehsas

Leyla  
Ehsas is just emotion.  Or a person could be really rational and really, you know unfeeling and you can call them bee ehsas

Chris  
bee ehsas.

Leyla  
And that is actually a kind of derogatory word. It's not very positive it means someone who's cold

Chris  
okay so not stoic but right but frigid maybe.

Leyla  
It's not a good thing right stoic is kind of putting a romantic spin on it but bee ehsas. If you're if you're wanting to say to someone man you just are not understanding me at all you say bee ehsas

Chris  
Bee ehsas

Leyla  
so someone who is not understanding and again. So again, let's go over this. So ehsasat

Chris  
Ehsasat

Leyla  
Ehsasat, so emotions. Por ehsas or ehsasatee emotional. Bee ehsas cold, frigid, unfeeling. Okay. So another word that I really love in the Persian language is the word hal

Chris  
Hal.

Leyla  
So again, a lot of his in here, but hal is the word that we use to say how we're feeling your, how you you're being right now it doesn't have a good translation. I thought I've thought about it a lot. And I looked it up in the dictionary and things and it in it translates it as feeling or condition, your condition your writing, maybe hear your being exactly it. The better definition for it is your being like, how are you being your

Chris  
hal? What is your condition?

Leyla  
And so when we ask someone how they're doing in person, we say How are you today? So kind of like in English, you say, How are you How is your being, you know, are is related to being to be

Chris  
Yeah, what condition is your condition?

Leyla  
Yes, but it's it's And you can be in a state of hal, if you're in a state of hal means you're really connected with the moment. So another thing is the word hala means now. Hala

Chris  
Hala.

Leyla  
And so Hall if you're, you know, you can be right connected to the moment which we just went over time and dates before.

Chris  
Yeah, that's very beautiful. Exactly. How, how are you? What is your condition at this moment in time? Exactly. How are you right now? Right, in a sense, right.

Leyla  
And all language you know, when you really think about it can have these profound poetic meanings. That's, that's what's interesting about going over individual words, sometimes things that you've thought were you know, do you hear this question all the time? How are you? Khalid today? You hear this question all the time, that if you really sit down and think about it, you see Oh, wow, we've just struck on a human truth. Yeah, right. Halet Chetoreh?

Chris  
Halet Chetoreh

Leyla  
Okay, so how is your being? How are you feeling? So, again, we're talking about emotions. So let's go over a few few different things that you could say when you're asked this question How did today how's your being? And let's go over some opposites. That's a good way to learn emotions. So you can be happy. And that is khoshhal.

Chris  
khoshhal

Leyla  
So you hear that word hal? Khosh means happy, khoshhal. So hal is a happy being happy being khoshhal. I like that. My

Chris  
being is khosh.

Leyla  
And then if you're sad, it's, ghamgeen

Chris  
ghamgeen

Leyla  
Yeah, so that's a little bit more of a difficult word to say. But

Chris  
it's difficult because you're sad.

Leyla  
Again, exactly. So all of these if someone says halet chetoreh, and you want to say that you are happy you say you, you end it with an -am. That's the personal personalizing that

Chris  
so So would it be khoshhalam.

Leyla  
 perfect. That's it.

Chris  
I am the happy being.

Leyla  
Yes. Khoshhalam

Chris  
Khoshhalam

Leyla  
 perfect. So Halet chetoreh?

Chris  
Khoshhalam. That might be my new favorite word

Leyla  
Yeah, there's a really good word.

Chris  
I am the happy being

Yeah. So Halet chetore, Chris

Khoshhalam

Leyla  
Yeah, and then if you want to say that you're sad

Chris  
ghamgeenam

Leyla  
great so Halet Chetoreh an answer that you're sad

Chris  
ghamgeenam. I really put a lot of drama into this one

Leyla  
He did he shook his head. If you were watching

Chris  
squinted my eyes I really felt the pain

Leyla  
he did. It was very well done. Too bad this isn't a YouTube video. Okay, so now let's learn another common emotion and asabanee I'm in what do you think that means?It means angry.

Chris  
That's what I thought.

Leyla  
Asabanee

Chris  
Asabanee

Leyla  
so you can be asabanee, or you could be calm- aram

Chris  
Aram

Leyla  
So as that's asabanee and aram

Chris  
asabanee

Leyla  
Yes, and another word that is opposite of aram is nervous. And that is asabee.  so that's a good one to learn with asabanee

Chris  
asabanee

Leyla  
And then asab, asab is nerves. asabee means nervous. That's

Chris  
interesting that in this language They connect. Nervous and anger. That is interesting, because that is a very, you know, there's direct connections there. Mm hmm. Asabee

Leyla  
asabee

Chris  
asabee. And then to say, I'm angry it's

Leyla  
asabanee

Chris  
Asabanee. Um, okay, I'm gonna use that.Next time. I get angry, which I never do. Never have to use

Leyla  
another word for glad or happy is shad.

Chris  
 shad

Leyla  
 shod. So you can say you can feel shod happiness.

Chris  
So if I was feeling and I would say shad

Leyla  
it or you could be depressed, sad, and afsordeh

Chris  
afsordeh

Leyla  
Afsordeh is a bit more intense than ghamgeen which is sad. So after did depressed afsordeh, and that's one where you have to roll that 'r'- afsordeh

Chris  
afsordeh

Leyla  
Great. So shad

Chris  
shad,

Leyla  
happy and afsordeh

Chris  
afsordeh depressed.

Leyla  
And let's learn a couple more words that are associated with these feelings. Laughter the word for laughter is khandeh.

Chris  
khandeh

Leyla  
and the word for tears or crying is geryeh

Chris  
geryeh

Leyla  
And you could use those as emotions to by saying,

Now moving on. The word for how you are projecting yourself what your attitude is. The word for attitude is akhlagh.

Chris  
Akhlagh

Leyla  
So that has both of our are were letters or sounds that we don't have an English language. So this is gonna take some practice. Akhlagh

Chris  
Akhlagh

Leyla  
For those of you that are just starting out, remember, we just say practice this every day. It's just practice makes perfect. So it's something that you haven't grown up seeing it, you have to get used to it, your muscles have to get used to it. It's just like working out. It's a muscle memory thing. So, khosh akhlagh,

Chris  
Khosh akhlagh

Leyla  
And that means good attitude. Khosh akhlagh

Chris  
Khosh akhlagh. Mm hmm.

Leyla  
So that's having a good attitude. So if you want to say, you know, this person has a good attitude. They're cheery, they're so khosh akhlagh

Chris  
Kosh akhlagh

Leyla  
Yeah. And then if someone has a bad attitude, and they're very negative, you say, oh, bad akhlagh

Chris  
Bad akhlagh

Leyla  
if someone wakes up on the wrong side of the bed, oh yeah. And then you say, oh, okay, that's

Chris  
better. Okay. So if you are just in a bad mood,

Leyla  
well, let's learn a way to say that okay. So hosele is the word for patience hoseleh

Chris  
Hosele

Leyla  
yes. So then you can say ba hoseleh

Chris  
ba hosele

Leyla  
or you can say Bee hosele

Chris  
bee hosele- that means without patience. I'm impatient. So if you wake up with a bad attitude, and you just want to tell people, okay, give me some space. Not feeling good to say bee hosele-am.

Leyla  
Be wholesale-am.

Chris  
Yeah, I don't have patience right now.

Leyla  
Right. So so we use the,

Chris  
that Bee word for bee ehsas,

Leyla  
that's right. bee ehsas is without emotion,

Chris  
right without emotion. And then you so you can say, you know, that's a person without emotion or you can say that's a person without patience.

Leyla  
That's right. And we also I mean going back to that so we said bee ehsas and por ehsas. You could also say, by sauce, and that means Oh, that was full of feeling. Por ehsas

Chris  
maybe after a good performance, you say, ba ehsas.

Leyla  
Well, the performance could be ba ehsas, right person isn't really with the most so you can see Oh, that performance was ba ehsas bood. It was full it was full of emotion. Good. Good connection there. Okay, so then another thing that I wanted to talk about was likable and then hate, love and hate. Okay. Okay, so love. We don't really have a direct translation for

Chris  
love. That's cause in Persian every word means love.

Leyla  
that's a good point. But we do have so so love is more like liking something and liking something is doost dashtan

Chris  
doost dashtan

Leyla  
And you know the word doost means friend or liking. And then hate the word for hate is nefrat

Chris  
nefrat

Leyla  
 And in I don't hear that word really used very often. Because we usually talk about your right person that's very loving. How about

Chris  
fear?

Leyla  
Fear is tars.

Chris  
Tars

Leyla  
. Yeah, so Oh, you could say someone is fearful. You can say Tarsu

Chris  
tarsoo

Leyla  
. Yeah, that person is tarsoo. Or you could say I am fearful of tars. por tars am that that's more of a thing that is por tars like I'm a fearful person. It's not I'm scared right now.

Chris  
How do you how do you say I'm scared right now? Let's say that you're watching a scary movie and no one is home and it's like late sitting here boom.

Leyla  
You can see you can either say I am afraid right now so meetarsam

Chris  
meetarsam

Leyla  
so I am scared right now or you can say you were scared in the past like tarseedam

Chris  
tarseedam, I got scared, okay.

Leyla  
That you can't really be an ongoing fearful person. No, that's not what I'm talking about.

Chris  
When you get the goosebumps,

Leyla  
right, but back to the nerat and doost dashtan to say that you are a loving person you say doost dashtanee

Chris  
doost dashtanee

Leyla  
that's a loving person. So doost dashtanee

Chris  
Doost dashtanee

Leyla  
Yeah, I'm loving. Okay. That is a few different words that you can learn for talking about your emotions.

Chris  
Yes.

Leyla  
Which is in very important topics. So we're going to be exploring it a lot on the website. So login to China conversation dot com, Chai spelled CHAI. And we'll have all these words that you can go over in our bonus materials along with a lot of other words that have to do with emotions,

Chris  
right? And leave us a comment if, if there's an emotion that we didn't cover and you want to learn more about.

Leyla  
It's a very important topic. And oh, also, in our very first lesson of trying conversation, lesson one, we cover how to how to ask someone how they're doing, and how they can answer you back, which is a little bit different than emotions. But it's an important way to talk about how you're feeling,

Chris  
right. So you can so this might be a good point to go back and relist and some of those early vintage chai and  conversations.

Leyla  
That's right, and then use this new vocabulary that you're learning to answer that question. Chetori, How are you? Yeah. And make sure to follow us on Instagram to see these words with illustrations. We vocabulary cards that can be downloaded also for members so that you can learn all these words and really memorize them. Well. And that brings us to the end of the lesson.

Chris  
That's right. I hope you guys all go off with khoshhalee

Leyla  
khoshhalee. That's right. So you go off with khoshhalee, with happiness. That's right. And khodahafez from Leyla

Chris  
And khodahafez from Chris. Until next time